Week 4: Introduction to cameras: Unit 1

For this I am going to look into the different setting on a Camera such as Shutter speed and Apeture and say how they work.


Shutter speed

The shutter speed changes how fast the shutter is. The longer it takes for the shutter to close the more light comes in causing moving objects to look blurry, however if the shutter closes quickly the moving object will be clearer as it less time to move while taking the picture.

IMG_2427     1/100

IMG_2426      1/500

IMG_2425     1/1000


The aperture controls the amount of light the lens is taking in, it does this by changing the size of the lens.

IMG_2450    f/4.5  This first picture uses depth of field were the subject is out of focus compared to the background.

IMG_2449   f/12   This second images is where both the background and the subject are in equal focus.

IMG_2448    f/22  The final picture is where the subject is in focus and the background isn’t.


I learned about aperture and shutter speed in this lesson and produced pictures based off what I learned, I could use them again in my own product if I needed to.


week 4: Introduction to lighting: unit 1

In this piece of work I worked in a group to produce a short meeting scene using still images, I am going to explain this and also look into the 180 degree rule and shot reverse shot.



Using a storyboard we planned a meeting then carried it out using a series of shot types such as, over the shoulder (OTS), close-ups, long shots and wide shots.

180° rule

We used the 180° rule which is where you don’t cross the line where the characters are standing so that it seems that they are having a conversation. The picture to the above shows this in greater detail. You can switch which side you are on if you make it obvious with a pan or a different technique.

In our production above we did it against a wall so it was impossible to break the 180 degree rule so that it would always look consistent.

Shot reverse shot

Shot reverse shot is where you keep cutting between the two character with over the shoulder shots, this helps the audience understand that the two characters are having a conversation and who is talking at what time. This and the 180° rule work together to create a good dialog scene which is understandable and easy to follow for the audience. We used shot reverse shot in our production above which worked well.


I learned about a variety of techniques including Shot reverse shot and the 180 degree rule and produced images based off them, I feel comfident that I could use them in my own projects in the future.


Week 3: Introduction to lighting: Unit 1

For this I am going to explain about three point lighting and how and why it is used. I will also talk about how our eyes see colour and how it works.


How our eyes see colour:

Our eyes can only see colour when there is light, when something is white it is because the object is reflecting all the colours from the light source. However when the object is black it means that it is absorbing all the colours being shone onto it. when something is a certain colour like red for example, the object is absorbing every colour except red therefore the object shows up red.

Three point lighting:

Three point lighting consists off three different positions lights however they can be the same light, the key light, fill light and the back light.

The key light is the main light generally the most powerful and it lights up the subjects face but has some down sides, when on its own and the camera is directly facing the subject it makes them look two-dimensional (2D) but even when you rotate the light there’s still a problem, it creates a shadow on the opposite side of the face. The key light is usually moved 45° left of the subject.

So to solve this problem we add a fill light which shines on the other side of the face. The fill light sorts out the shadows however light designers tend to have the fill light further away from the subject so one side of their face is a little darker than the other this is to define the face.

Finally we use a back light to light up the back of the subject, this separates the subject from the background and creates the illusion of depth. It also makes an outline around the subject which again brings them out from the background.


This was a good thing to learn as it is used in a lot of situation whiles filming, I feel comfident about using it myself in my own production and understand why it is used.

Week 3: Introduction to lighting: Unit 1

Introduction to lighting – White balance

In this work I am going to explore the use of white balance, and I am going to produce primary images of each setting to show it each one.


We use White balance to alter the colours in the picture, if the environment is to bright then you could alter the White balance and choose a darker option.


Colour Temperature is a big part of it, if you was outside where is was more towards the blues you would use a white balance that add more orange and reds to even it out.




Daylight                                      Shade                                      Cloudy



Tungsten light                              White fluorescent                    Flash


Daylight                                        Shade                                    Cloudy


Tungsten light                             White fluorescent                      Flash


Daylight                                    Shade                                        Cloudy


Tungsten light                          White fluorescent                     Flash


I found it hard to understand how it works however I understand how to use it, I feel I could use it in my own projects if I need to but wouldn’t know how it was happening.

Introduction to lighting – White balance

Week 2 – Introduction to framing – Unit 1 & 3

For this I am going to show an understanding of different types of shots by producing primary images of each one. I will identify which is which by writing on a clapper board and taking a picture of it.




This is an example of a Long shot (LS), this has the whole subject in frame also showing his surroundings.



This is a Medium Long shot (MLS), this is similar to the LS but shows the subject from the knee up.



This is a Medium shot (MS), it has the subject from the waist up.



This is a Close up (CU), this shows the subject from the shoulder up and begins to fill the frame.



This is an Extreme close up (ECU), this fills the frame with the subjects eyes this could be used to shows reactions or emotions.



This is Rule of Thirds (ROT), this is used to make the image more appealing to the eye.



This is Depth of Field (DOF), this is used to draw focus onto the subject by blurring out the background.







This is Looking into Space, it creates the feeling that the subject is speaking to someone out of shot or is making his way somewhere.


I learnt a lot doing this, I had an understanding of each shot before we did this exercise however after doing this it is a lot better and I feel I could comfortably use these shot in my own projects.

Week 2 – Introduction to framing – Unit 1 & 3

Week 2: What does Director do? and How do you become one?

In this post I am going to research what it takes to be a Director, the knowledge you would need to know and the direction someone would need to head if you would want to become one.


To become a Director is hard you need the knowledge, the resources and you need a lot of luck.


Submitting your work to a film festival such as Sundance and having a producer in the audience who is intrigued by your project. This could lead to one time opportunities where they refer you to a director/producer with an interest in your style of work or they could hire you themselves.

You can create a small production company with people you trust and just make films with the knowledge you have. The more you make the more someone is going to see your work and reach out to you.


However you need a good team in order to carry out your vision, if you have a team who sees things the same way you do they will understand how you work and make the project a lot easier to perfect. Make a name for yourself by setting up a production company with a team you trust to create good content, then people will begin to recognise the name and begin to watch films simply because you made it.

You also need equipment, you don’t need the best camera but one that allows you to create films for yourself. similar to what I said about luck is that the more you make the more you’ll be seen, therefore equipment is a huge part of that process.


There are many Film Production courses in universities out there for you to learn what goes into making a film project. Almost every university has one, some better than others. There are also Film Schools which specialize in what film production involves.

Quentin Tarantino:

In January 1992 Quentin Tarantino became known after his first time writing and directing a film, Reservoir Dogs was shown at the Sundance film festival, the film had amazing reviews and Tarantino become famous very quickly.

He said ‘When people ask me if I went to film school I tell them, ‘no, I went to films.’ this shows experience and an interest, he went to the cinema and watched full length feature films and saw how the audience react to certain things in the film so that he can include the things they like into his own work and leave or remove the things they disliked as an audience.

Quentin Tarantino uses trademarks which makes him recognisable, he has a love for violence and sometimes uses over the top gore in his films. His audience has come to love it with him which makes him instantly recognisable.



This piece of work was interesting as I didn’t know how difficult it was to become a director, you cant just be great at it you also need to know the ins and out of almost every other job involved as you work closely with a lot of them. It was also interesting to find out how someone with great knowledge of film and directing came about become one for my example I chose Quentin Tarantino.

Week 2: What does Director do? and How do you become one?