Week 3: Peer Review

Declan has written about lighting in a lot of detail, he has shown he understands the work he has done, he goes on to give examples and pictures. He has explained the different roles and jobs within the lighting industry and how to get one of these jobs. Declan has evaluated his work, summarised the lesson and given his opinion on the lesson. He has explained the technical sides of lighting and the effects it has within genre and mood. He makes it very clear and easy to understand, this shows he know what he is doing and not struggling.

Week 3: Peer Review

Week 4: Peer Review

I liked the examples Declan used for “Introduction to Mise-en-scene” and thought that he did well to explain them considering these were own choices and not talked about in class. The work on shutter speed I feel is very well done, as it accurately portrays the different shutter speeds by the 1/100 being blurred, but the 1/1000 being much more sharp. The work on Aperture could have been done a little better, as on the f/4.5 setting the subject isn’t really out of focus where he should be, but apart from that his other examples are perfect.

Week 4: Peer Review

Week 2: Peer Review

Declan did good work considering it was the first week of actual work. I felt there could have been more description on what a director does on the “What does Director do? and How do you become one?” work, however the rest of the piece had more than enough detail on how to become one and the different routes that could be taken to become a director. All pictures in “Introduction to framing” were the correct shot types and were taken and described well. I really liked the level of interpretation Declan went into on “Introduction to Semiolgy” and he used a lot of good technical language in it.

Week 2: Peer Review

Week 4: Introduction to cameras: Unit 1

For this I am going to look into the different setting on a Camera such as Shutter speed and Apeture and say how they work.


Shutter speed

The shutter speed changes how fast the shutter is. The longer it takes for the shutter to close the more light comes in causing moving objects to look blurry, however if the shutter closes quickly the moving object will be clearer as it less time to move while taking the picture.

IMG_2427     1/100

IMG_2426      1/500

IMG_2425     1/1000


The aperture controls the amount of light the lens is taking in, it does this by changing the size of the lens.

IMG_2450    f/4.5  This first picture uses depth of field were the subject is out of focus compared to the background.

IMG_2449   f/12   This second images is where both the background and the subject are in equal focus.

IMG_2448    f/22  The final picture is where the subject is in focus and the background isn’t.


I learned about aperture and shutter speed in this lesson and produced pictures based off what I learned, I could use them again in my own product if I needed to.


Week 4: Introduction to mise-en-scene: unit 4

For this piece of work I am going to explain Mise-en-scene, how it works and how much someone can interpret from it.


Mise-en-scene is everything seen on-screen, the viewer translates this and creates ideas about the character or location. If the characters bedroom is really untidy, then you would think that the character is untidy as well. Another example is if the furniture is breaking then you would come to believe maybe the character can’t afford to fix them.

These are the examples of things that would come under mise-en-scene:

  • Costumes, hair, props
  • Locations, props
  • Body language: direction
  • Technology – Lighting, Sound (diegetic)
  • Placing of actors


This is the analysis of mise-en-scene in The Pursuit of Happiness. This scene uses mise-en-scene well it shows that the two characters are in a bad situation as they are in a bath room and they have things that look like personal belongings with them. You can tell that’s were they are because of the floor tiling and a sink which is generally used in bathrooms. There is a lot in this seen which shows they are not homeless such as the adult is wearing a suit and also has one neatly hanging up. You can also tell there is a lot of love and compassion between the two character as the adult is holding the child and what looks like he’s trying to block out the surrounding by covering up his ears.

This is an analysis of mise-en-scene in Tropic Thunder. This also uses strong mise-en-scene to show what environment the characters are in, their both wearing uniforms and one is helping the other who is injured, however the relationship between these two characters are unknown therefore he could instead be trying to stab him. We can see that something is going on between them as they are gripping each others hand tightly. The background puts them in context and tells us that their in a war as there is also a helicopter with a man hanging from it holding a gun, but there is no way of telling the relationship between him and the pilot or him and the two characters in the foreground..


I learned what mise-en-scene is, how it is used, why it is used and what effect it has on the audience. I also learned how everything on screen works together to create the story and if you take one bit out it may change the whole scene.


Week 4: Introduction to mise-en-scene: unit 4

week 4: Introduction to lighting: unit 1

In this piece of work I worked in a group to produce a short meeting scene using still images, I am going to explain this and also look into the 180 degree rule and shot reverse shot.



Using a storyboard we planned a meeting then carried it out using a series of shot types such as, over the shoulder (OTS), close-ups, long shots and wide shots.

180° rule

We used the 180° rule which is where you don’t cross the line where the characters are standing so that it seems that they are having a conversation. The picture to the above shows this in greater detail. You can switch which side you are on if you make it obvious with a pan or a different technique.

In our production above we did it against a wall so it was impossible to break the 180 degree rule so that it would always look consistent.

Shot reverse shot

Shot reverse shot is where you keep cutting between the two character with over the shoulder shots, this helps the audience understand that the two characters are having a conversation and who is talking at what time. This and the 180° rule work together to create a good dialog scene which is understandable and easy to follow for the audience. We used shot reverse shot in our production above which worked well.


I learned about a variety of techniques including Shot reverse shot and the 180 degree rule and produced images based off them, I feel comfident that I could use them in my own projects in the future.


Week 4: Cameraman – How to become one and what do they do? Unit 3

In this blog post I am going to explain how someone would get into a Camera related job in the film industry, what they would need to know and what they would need to have. I am also going to explain all the different jobs that involve Camera work.


What do they do?:

There are many different kinds of jobs involved with cameras such as, camera assistant, camera operator, director of photography/cinematographer and focus puller.

The camera assistant:

These are people who help the camera operator with jobs and do what ever they are told, this tend to be preparing equipment and the setup before shoot so it ready for everyone else to go straight to shooting the scene. They don’t use any of the equipment just set it up.

Camera operator:

This person personally operates the camera and has the camera assistant running around for him. he doesn’t tend to set up him self but knows how to use the camera to get the best shots for the scene. They do a range of things from standing still for a still shot or running around with a steady cam on or using a dolly.

Director of photography/Cinematographer:

They are in charge of what shots are used in the scene they talk with the director to try to understand their vision and recreate it on-screen the best they can. They would also talk with the camera operator as he is the one actually carrying out the shot.

Focus puller:

When the shoot is happening there is no time for the camera operator to adjust the focus for the certain technique and that’s where the focus puller comes in. While the camera operator is lining up shots a filming the scene the focus puller is adjusting the focus whenever it is needed. They don’t have time to look through the view finder so they have to know specifics such as depending how far the subject is from the camera is how in/out of focus they are so they know where to adjust it so that it draws attention to the important character in the scene.



How to become one?:

You can get a degree in film production which you can then specify into what ever it is in the industry your interested in however in camera work for example you tend to start at camera assistant and move your way up. You can get into the business without a degree but you need a lot of luck. If you know someone in the industry you may be able to start out as a runner and progress from there, it may take longer but it is possible.

You have to develop your eyes to be able to identify the different techniques used in film, the best way of doing this is watching films with a better understanding of what is going on behind the scenes. Once you understand the ins and outs of the techniques then you can start using them yourself in one of the jobs above or in your own work.


I learned about the job of a focus puller and that the camera man doesn’t always change the focus himself. I understand in more detail each induavidual job around the camera and what they involve.

Week 4: Cameraman – How to become one and what do they do? Unit 3